TOP 250+ Inventory Management Interview Questions and Answers 02 November 2022 Inventory Management Interview Questions

Matthew Rickerby is the Director of Marketing at Skubana, the leading solution for multichannel, multi-warehouse D2C brands. For the past ten years, he’s covered e-commerce topics ranging from SEO to supply chain management. An organizational map of all inventories will help better prioritize ways to reduce inventories. An inventory management software can help you centralize the inventory control operations so that you can take care of the movement and track all your SKUs from one place.

Here you can find the meaning of Economic Order Quantity – Material Cost, Cost Accounting defined & explained in the simplest way possible. It is a natural curiosity to know, what decisions are requirement ? The objective of this presentation is not to describe these two questions vividly. Quality can be defined as the features and characteristics of a product or service to satisfy given needs. You can calculate retail shrinkage by dividing the value of goods lost to shrinkage by the total value of goods that are supposed to be in the inventory.

There are several interesting papers related to partial backlogging and trade credits viz. Park , Jamal et al. , Lin et al. , Dye et al. and their references. As the name implies, a master production schedule determines what products are manufactured, when they are produced, and in what quantities.

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But, the suppliers give discounts on products or future products if they are paid immediately. It really depends upon the company and whether it wants a higher positive cash flow or low-cost products. Many companies want a higher positive cash flow in case any issues occur so that they can manage that issue. For example, if you’re buying 100 pairs of sneakers from a footwear wholesaler at $12 a pair, your purchase cost is $1,200. This figure excludes expenses like processing, shipping, and handling fees.

Best Practices in Inventory Management: Inventory Analysis

Therefore, inventory control being the first process of your fulfillment supply chain, you must practice it appropriately to ensure maximum profitability for your business. MPS plans are typically based upon input such as actual sales orders, service orders, available resources, inventory levels, and capacity constraints or forecasts. The output from MPS includes quantities of an item to be produced, due dates, and quantities available to promise.

  • The price paid for products is particularly crucial to retailers, as it is often their greatest area of expenditure.
  • The DMAIC process uses data and measured objectives to create a continuous improvement cycle in manufacturing methods.
  • Your company has been in the domain of manufacturing FMCG goods and hence offers opportunities for future growth in inventory management role.
  • Inventory management is an important function of the company which has both short term and long term impact on the organization.

Teng presents on EOQ model under the conditions of permissible delay. Chen et al. establish an inventory model having weibull deterioration and time varying demand. Wu et al. considered an inventory model where deteriorating rate and demand rate are follows the Chen’s model where shortages are permitted. Papachristos and Skouri present a production inventory model with production rate, product demand rate and deteriorating rate, all considered as functions of the time.

MOQ is one of the profitable and simplest inventory management techniques for wholesalers. It allows them to get rid of their inventory in bulk and reduces the number of bargain shoppers. It is simply making what is needed at the right time in the required amount. If you have a wide range of products with varied demands, sorting them into three or four categories can be difficult. That is why many companies only make products in fewer quantities. If and when the demand spikes, they can ramp up the production or supply to meet the demand surge.

How do you calculate buffer inventory?

The inventory management software will also help you integrate and synchronize with order management tools and gives you greater control over your eCommerce business. It will also help you forecast your inventory demand based on sales and current trends. A master production schedule also includes manufacturing capacity in its calculations.

That is to say, EOQ refers to the size of the order that gives the maximum economy when purchasing any material. Many POS systems allow you to set reorder points, or inventory thresholds that indicate when to order more stock. When your product inventory levels reach their reorder points, you’ll be prompted to place another order.

exit because of management attempt to provide eoq

If increase in number of orders would not result in overtime or hiring an additional clerk, the cost will not be relevant to EOQ. If these perishable products are not sold before their expiration date, they become dead stock. Cost of electronic data interchange – this refers to the cost of using an electronic system to process orders. To do so, you order a larger volume of goods to reduce the number of times you need to reorder. Finding the right balance to these costs will greatly help your business. Understanding these costs will have a positive effect on your business’s profitability and sustainability.

 15 to 20% of total consumption is represented by another 15 to 20% items which may be classified as B category . Whether the demand for the goods is one time or of repetitive nature . In Railways, all the non-stock items are treated of static nature and stock items of dynamic nature. It is the extra stock of either raw material or final product a company maintains to protect against unforeseen circumstances.


In the Railways, we do not have a system of working out these costs. But it is necessary that for a given stores organization, total number of purchases are ascertained and average cost per purchase order worked out. When we work out the costs, we may find that some costs are fixed while some are variable.

In these systems two situations are mainly considered, all customers wait until the arrival of the next order or all customers leave the system . This situation is modeled by consideration of partial back- ordering in the formulation of the mathematical model. Wee developes a determinatic inventory model with quantity discount, pricing and partial backlogging when the product in stock deteriorates with time according a weibull distribution.

exit because of management attempt to provide eoq

A stockout can jeopardize your brand reputation and create a bad customer experience. On the other hand, overstocking products can cause significant problems like disrupting the supply chain, increasing inventory cost, cause obsolescence. Bulk shipment method banks on the idea that it is almost exit because of management attempt to provide eoq always cheaper to purchase and ship goods in bulk. Honestly, it is true in most cases, which is why bulk shipping is one of the predominant inventory management techniques in the industry. Lean Six Sigma is the fusion of two inventory management techniques – Six Sigma and lean manufacturing.

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But all businesses can benefit from an analysis of COGS, as it can highlight ways of improving efficiency and cutting expenditure. If the company is in a service industry, COGS is the cost of the service it offers. Once you’ve reduced inventories, you’ll have to put new processes in place to lower them even more over time. We use an analytical tool that highlights the biggest levers for continually reducing inventory. At the beginning of a reporting period, or after a cycle count, the stock available in your inventory account is the Opening Stock.


Thus there will be an accelerated growth in demand, which is not very realistic. Case is applicable to the seasonal products towards the end of the seasons. Make sure that all SKUs are labeled with the correct barcode and codes.

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